Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), Florentine
artist, one of the great masters of the High Renaissance,
celebrated as a painter on canvas, sculptor, architect, engineer,
and scientist. His profound love of knowledge and research
was the keynote of both his artistic and scientific endeavors.
His innovations in the field of painting influenced the course
of Italian art for more than a century after his death, and
his scientific studies particularly in the fields of anatomy,
optics, and hydraulics anticipated many of the developments
of modern science.